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Socks material know how much

The raw material of socks is nothing more than a variety of fibers, common sock material fiber is cotton, combed cotton, mercerized cotton, spandex, Lycra, polyamide, nylon, acrylic, polypropylene, polyester, viscose, tencel, bamboo fiber, Modal, hemp, Puma cotton. But the properties of each fiber, and the right proportions for the most comfortable feet, can be complex, and knowing them can help you choose the right socks.

【 material - Cotton socks | Cotton 】

We usually prefer to wear cotton socks, but is cotton 100% cotton?

In fact, there is no 100% cotton socks, if the composition of a pair of socks is 100% cotton, then this pair of socks will be completely elastic, socks to be woven especially wide to fit in, you can imagine how this pair of socks is not heel. 100% cotton socks shrinkage rate is particularly high, not strong, not durable. 100% cotton socks are not called cotton socks, they are called cotton. Usually, the cotton content in more than 75% of the socks can be called "all cotton socks", the general cotton content in 85% socks is very high-grade cotton socks. Other functional fibers need to be added to keep the socks elastic, fastness and comfort. Polyester, spandex and polyamide are all very common functional fibers.

【 material - combed cotton socks | CombedCotton 】

Combed cotton is the long, neat cotton fibers left after a machine called a comber is used to remove the shorter fibers from ordinary cotton fibers. With the removal of short cotton fibers and other fiber impurities, the yarn spun from combed cotton is finer and the finished product feels smoother and more comfortable.

【 material - mercerized cotton socks | MercerizedCotton 】

Mercerized cotton is the common cotton fiber after mercerization process in concentrated alkali solution. The cotton fiber, with its other physical properties unchanged, is more glossy (shinier, as if with elements of silk), smoother to the touch and less prone to wrinkling than regular cotton fibers. Mercerized cotton is often seen in thin summer socks.

The sock material - Spandex | Spandex]

Spandex is commonly known as elastic fiber, with high elasticity and strong scalability, its stretch length can reach 5-7 times of the original fiber, textile products added with spandex can always maintain the original outline. The composition of socks must contain spandex to make socks elastic and retraction, easy to wear, but also make socks more stick to the foot, like a bathing suit can be tightly wrapped around the foot, do not slip.

The sock material - leica | LYCRA 】

Lycra, as it is now known, is actually a spandex fiber, but it is a trademarked name registered by duPont. Just like the apples we eat daily, "Red Fuji" is an apple, "guo Guang" is an apple, "Yellow Marshal" is also an apple, are a kind of name of apple. The same goes for Laika. In 1958, DuPont invented and produced a unique artificial elastic fiber, which can be mixed with a variety of artificial and natural fibers, processed into various types of clothing, its extraordinary stretch and recovery performance makes all fabrics greatly enhanced. Dupont has specially registered a name for it, LYCRA, which translates in China as Lyka, or pull frame. Like nylon, it was a DuPont invention and was trademarked.

The sock material, nylon | Jinlun/Polyamide 】

Polyamide is the name of a synthetic fiber with Chinese characteristics. Its scientific name is Polyamide. The first synthetic fiber in China was jinzhou Chemical Fiber Factory, so it was named "Polyamide". Nylon and nylon are similar in nature, strong and wear-resistant, is the most wear-resistant synthetic fiber, one of the strongest. Very light weight, good elasticity, adding polyamide in socks can maintain high strength of elasticity.

The sock material - Nylon | Nylon.

Nylon is American scientists (Carothers) and a scientific research group under its leadership developed, is the world's first synthetic fiber. The appearance of nylon has changed the appearance of textiles. Its synthesis is a major breakthrough in synthetic fiber industry and an important milestone in polymer chemistry.

The sock material - Acrylic | Acrylic.

Acrylic fiber is the name of polyacrylonitrile in China, it is soft, light, warm, "artificial wool" said. It weighs more than 10 percent less than wool, but is more than twice as strong. It is also twice as resistant to sunlight as wool and 10 times more resistant than cotton. Back in the 1970s and 1980s, the "bulky yarn" that southern women referred to was acrylic. Wool made of acrylic fiber was very light and soft, so it was loved by people at that time. However, acrylic fabric has a very big disadvantage is easy to pilling, poor wear resistance, in the fabric is added to enjoy its light and warm characteristics.

The sock material - Polypropylene | Polypropylene 】

Polypropylene fiber is a name with Chinese characteristics, actually should be called polypropylene fiber. Because the name has a C word, plus in the past are called XX fiber, so it is called polypropylene fiber. The biggest advantage of polypropylene is light, but its own hygroscopicity is very weak, almost no hygroscopicity, so the moisture regain rate is close to zero. But its wick is strong enough to transfer water vapour through the fibres in the fabric, meaning polypropylene socks are very good at wicking sweat. And because the strength of POLYPROPYLENE is very high, wear resistance and tensile, so in sports socks will often see the composition of polypropylene.

The sock material - Polyester | Polyester 】

Chalk and Polyester are common labels and can be translated as Polyester. In China, it is called dacron.

In 1941, J.R. Winfield and J.T. Dickson of the United Kingdom developed polyester fiber, named Terylene, using terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol as raw materials in the laboratory. In 1953, DuPont produced polyester fibers known as Dacron. In the 1970s, dacron, as it was known in China, was dacron. Dacron has low moisture content, poor air permeability, poor dyeing, easy to pilling, easy to stain, so now almost can not see the existence of dacron shirt.

The sock material - viscose | ViscoseRayon 】

This is also a very common fiber ingredient, and it can be found on the ingredient label of some clothing items, often abbreviated as Rayon, which is Rayon. The expression of businessmen often is not quite consistent, rayon silk, ice silk, it is to point to the same kind of thing. Do not think that viscose is not a natural product, in fact, viscose fiber is a kind of cotton or other natural fibers as raw materials for the production of fiber. It is characterized by softness and elegance. Viscose added to the textile can make the feel more smooth and make the fabric full of luster. As viscose is produced from natural fibers, the names and characteristics of viscose produced by different natural fibers are different.

The sock material, Tencel | Tencel 】

One of the hottest items of the past few years was "TENCEL", a type of viscose fibre, which is actually a trade name in the same way that Lycra itself is a trade name for spandex. It is the trademark name of LYOCELL fiber produced by Acocdis in The United Kingdom. In China, it is registered as "tencel". Tencel is a new cellulose fiber produced by solvent spinning from wood pulp of coniferous trees. Its comfort can be comparable to cotton, good toughness, and has a silk-like touch and gloss, drapery, therefore, a lot of knitted clothes like to use tencel as raw material. Tencel, in its wet state, was the first cellulosic fiber to surpass cotton in wet strength. Because tencel adopts 100% natural materials and environmentally friendly manufacturing process, it fully meets the needs of modern consumers and is called "green fiber of the 21st century".

【 material, bamboo fiber socks | BambooFibre 】

Bamboo fiber is also a kind of viscose fiber. The raw material of bamboo fiber comes from bamboo. Because bamboo regenerates much faster than wood, it has better environmental protection characteristics in this modern industrialized society. Bamboo fiber fabric also has the characteristics of soft and elegant, comfortable feel, and wear-resistant, ball-free, moisture absorption, fast drying, breathable. It is different from cotton, wood and other viscose fibers in that it has good antibacterial performance and health care function. Bamboo fiber contains an antibacterial substance named "Zhukun", with natural antibacterial, anti-mite, deodorant drug characteristics, in addition, bamboo fiber UV penetration rate of 0.6%, 41.6 times that of cotton, is a very good anti-UV fabric raw materials. "The antioxidant compounds in bamboo can effectively remove free radicals in the body and have anti-aging biological effects; Contains a variety of essential amino acids, and bamboo cellulose, bamboo dense, pectin with moisturizing skin and anti-fatigue effect; It can increase the human body's microcirculation blood flow, activate tissue cells, make the human body produce warm effect, can effectively regulate the nervous system, dredge the meridians and improve the quality of sleep." These health benefits are justified, but generally speaking, the health benefits of a textile are actually very small. But that didn't stop us from opting for bamboo products to try it out, especially bamboo socks. The foot environment in summer is usually sultry and humid, and bamboo fiber socks are good breathable, antibacterial and other properties make it the first choice for summer socks.

The sock material - Modal/Modal | Modal.

This is a very popular textile fiber in recent years, which belongs to viscose. By Austria orchid essence (Lenzing) company develops come out, classics of European ju wood beat pulp, spin silk and become, 100% natural, can decompose naturally, harmless to environment and human body. The fabric blended with muder fiber and cotton and polyester has silk-like luster, good draping, soft and smooth feel. Manufacturers used to make home clothes for most. It is also a very popular textile to add mdale to the composition of socks to make the whole feel more soft and comfortable.

The socks material - hemp | Linen 】

Linen garments are very popular in the market this year, almost replacing cotton and silk. At present, flax and ramie are the most common materials used in linen clothing in The Chinese market. These two are extracted from flax and ramie plants respectively. They are very important textile fibers, and cotton, wool and silk are called the four major textile raw materials. Hemp fiber soft and strong, high density hemp fabric is full of luster, wear resistance, good heat dissipation performance, so it is very suitable for wearing hemp clothing in summer.

The sock material - pima cotton/pima cotton/cotton puma | PimaCotton 】

Pima cotton is a kind of extra-longstaple cotton produced in the west and southwest of the United States (mainly in Arizona, California, New Mexico and Texas). It is one of the four high quality cotton in the world, along with Egyptian extra-longstaple cotton (ELS, extra-longstaple), Peruvian Pima cotton and Island cotton.

Pima cotton is characterized by its elongated, strong strength, high dyeing power and low yield, making it much more expensive than ordinary cotton.

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